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Turkish Super Cup Fiasco Shows the Deepening of a New Hegemony in Turkish Football

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New Season, Same Old Story. Image Courtesy Of: http://saudigazette.com.sa/article/514890/Sports/Brawl

 

The Turkish Super Cup contested between Besiktas and Konyaspor on 6 August 2017 descended into violence between rival groups of fans (for video, please click here), showing that–once again–the E-ticketing system (Passolig) has done little to curb stadium violence. Instead, the social divisions that the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) has encouraged over the course of its fifteen year rule spilled onto the pitch. Euronews (from Reuters) reported:

 

Supporters of Atiker Konyaspor, the main team from Turkey’s central Anatolian province of Konya, chanted slogans accusing Besiktas and its fans of links to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has waged a three-decade insurgency against the state. Fans of Besiktas, an Istanbul side whose supporters include a vocal leftist element, responded with a song popular among secular Turks, aimed at the rival fans from Turkey’s conservative heartland. The two groups rushed onto the field and fought after the final whistle.

 

That Besiktas’s fans should be accused of being terrorists is absurd, but so is the conservative fans’ revulsion to Besiktas’s fans singing the Izmir Marsi seeing as how it is…a nationalist song (for video, please click here). Is not Konya part of Turkey? Apparently, the divisions sown by the AKP run deep.

Yet, for all of the failures of the Passolig system to prevent violence, one thing it did succeed in was uncovering “undesirable” fans—those fans who have political messages. Arrest warrants were issued for seventeen fans for opening a banner “in support of two educators [academic Nuriye Gülmen and primary school teacher Semih Özakça] who have been on hunger strikes for over 150 days”. According to the authorities these two are members of the Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party-Front (DHKP-C), an outlawed leftist group in Turkey. How the banner ended up in the stadium is a mystery. Another mystery is how a switchblade knife, of all things, not only got into the stadium but got onto the field of play.

 

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Somehow, a Bad Banner Got Into The Stadium . . . Image Courtesy Of: http://www.cumhuriyet.com.tr/haber/siyaset/797587/Basaksehir_macinda__Baskomutan_Erdogan_a_izin_var__Super_Kupa_da__Mustafa_Kemal_Pasa__disarida.html

 

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Along With a Switchblade Knife! Image Courtesy of: http://skor.sozcu.com.tr/2017/08/06/besiktas-konyaspor-macinda-gergin-anlar-taraftar-sahaya-atladi-ve-649731/

 

Despite “tough” security measures (including the presence of 1200 police officers and 1100 private security guards), scores of violent fans entered the stadium and brawled, causing large amounts of damage to the brand new Yeni 19 Mayis Stadium.

 

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The Aftermath of Senseless Violence. Image Courtesy Of: http://skor.sozcu.com.tr/2017/08/07/samsun-polisi-super-kupa-sonrasi-olaylarla-ilgili-statta-400-guvenlik-kamerasini-inceliyor-649946/

 

Despite what seems to have been complete chaos, it is amusing that there was one thing that was not allowed in the stadium: A banner reading Yasa Mustafa Kemal Pasa Yasa (Long Live Mustafa Kemal Pasa), supporting the founding father of the Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Although this is absurd—and very surprising, considering what was allowed inside the stadium—it is part of the consolidation of a new hegemony in Turkish society, one that aims to roll back the traditions of the secular Turkish state both politically and—more importantly—culturally; this is why sports has become such a battle ground in the culture wars.

 

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Apparently, This Was One Of the Few Items That Was Successfully Kept Out Of the Stadium. Image Courtesy Of: http://skor.sozcu.com.tr/2017/08/06/mustafa-kemal-pasa-pankarti-stada-alinmadi-iddiasi-649686/

 

Fikret Orman, President of the Besiktas club, defended the authorities decision to not allow the pro-Ataturk banner, saying “Stada gelen insanlar, siyasi slogan atmaya değil, yıldızları izlemeye geliyor. Siyaset yapmak isteyen, partilere gidebilir (People come to the stadium not to yell political slogans but to watch the stars. Those who want to do politics can go to the [political] parties),” but he did not acknowledge the absurdity of allowing a knife—and not a banner—into a stadium. After all, is Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as the founding father of the Turkish Republic, not beyond politics for those who believe in Turkish civic (I remind you, not ethnic) nationalism? It is not when the matter at hand is cementing a new kind of hegemony. Besiktas, as one of Turkish football’s traditional powers representing the eponymous liberal district of Istanbul, is the antithesis of what their opponents on the night, Konyaspor, represent. Konya is Turkey’s most conservative province, located deep in the country’s Central Anatolian heartland. The team is backed by the “green capital” of Islamic businessmen who have prospered during the past 15 years of AKP rule, and their goal is to challenge the existing status quo in Turkish football.

And they are not alone in mounting this challenge, as another banner controversy will show. Istanbul’s Basaksehirspor (An invented team I wrote about in passing when I wrote about Gazisehir Gaziantep Football Club) are the long term project of the Turkish state, and this is why they will be playing for a spot in the UEFA Champions League on 16 August 2017. Even foreign commentators have noted Basaksehir’s attempts to challenge Istanbul’s traditional giants. A recent article in the United Arab Emirates’ The National opens with this passage, referring to last week’s Champions League qualifier with Belgian side Club Brugge: “The Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, made a point of being at the stadium of the club he supports two weeks back. Erdogan likes to be associated with victory . . .”. Since Basaksehir is the team Mr. Erdogan supports, they did not have any problem getting a banner reading “Baskomutan (Commander in Chief)” alongside Mr. Erdogan’s portrait into the stadium. The term historically refers to Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, but this re-writing of history is typical of a changing Turkey.

 

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A Kafkaesque Situation: Supporting the Current Leader of Turkey In the Stadium Is Allowed, Yet Supporting the Founder of Turkey In the Stadium Is Not Allowed. Image Courtesy Of: http://www.cumhuriyet.com.tr/haber/siyaset/797587/Basaksehir_macinda__Baskomutan_Erdogan_a_izin_var__Super_Kupa_da__Mustafa_Kemal_Pasa__disarida.html

 

And now Basaksehirspor will face Sevilla in a bid to further their challenge to Turkish football’s traditional powers. Even the team’s Tweets reflect the crude nature of Turkey’s new ruling class. After besting Club Brugge in the previous round of Champions League qualifiers, the team asked Sevilla “Don’t you want to win the Europa League once again Sevilla FC?” [Author’s Note: The team that loses the final qualifying round tie for the Champions League earns a spot in UEFA’s second tier competition, the Europa League]. Sevilla FC responded to Basaksehir’s jab brilliantly with “Thanks, but we have a lot of them …. Better the first one for you”. For a team with minimal European experience (eight matches in total), Basaksehir’s gall can only be classified as classless but that is sadly the manner of behavior that has become de rigeur in Turkey these days (please recall a post I wrote criticizing Turkish Airlines’ claim that their airport lounge in Istanbul is bigger than some airports).

 

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An Interesting Exchange Between Official Twitter Accounts. Images Courtesy Of: http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/sporarena/basaksehir-ve-sevilla-sosyal-medyada-atisti-40551429

 

Since a member of the AKP claimed a few weeks ago that “a new state had already been formed” in the wake of last summer’s failed coup, it has become clear that there is a real attempt to consolidate the gains of the last 15 years ahead of President Erdogan’s power-grab election in 2019, especially given the large scale dissatisfaction with AKP rule that surfaced during the April 2017 referendum. This attempt at hegemonic consolidation manifests itself in all facets of Turkish society, and sports is–as always–no exception.

 

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Image Courtesy Of: http://www.mytripolog.com/2011/07/largest-most-detailed-map-and-flag-of-turkey/

 

 

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The Case for the UEFA Europa League: Final 2015 Warsaw

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Why watch the Europa League final you might ask. It is, after all, Europe’s secondary club competition. For me, Wednesday’s Europa League final in Warsaw between Sevilla and Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk means a lot more. It means watching a competition between teams that are not from Europe’s metropolises and part of European football’s financial elite. Certainly Dnipropetrovsk and Seville are not cities that conjure thoughts of Michelin restaurants and haute couture. Therein lies the beauty of the competition. I have compiled a list of participants in the quarter-final stages of both the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League from the last five seasons in order to show the relative stadium sizes and city sizes of all teams involved in the latter stages of both competitions.

City Sizes StadiumSizes

The results show that, on average, teams participating in the UEFA Europa League hail from much smaller cities and as such play in smaller stadiums. The Europa League has also been much kinder on teams from countries outside of Western Europe—indeed this year’s final pits an eastern European side against a western European side. Three times in the last five years there have been multiple teams from outside of western Europe represented in the last eight of the UEFA Europa League; the last time multiple teams where represented in the last eight of the UEFA Champions League was the 1998-99 edition of the tournament. Additionally the Europa League has tended to see more countries represented—not since the 1998-99 season has the Europa League/UEFA Cup had less than five different countries represented in the last eight. The UEFA Champions League, on the other hand, has seen just four countries represented in the last eight for two out of the last seven seasons.

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For me, football is about the fans and parity—any side should be able to win on any given day, free from the constraints placed on the modern game due to finances. This is not to say that participants in the UEFA Europa League are not involved in the financial side of the game—it is an aspect of today’s world football that is unavoidable, and Dnipro are certainly a team with a healthy budget (http://edition.cnn.com/2015/05/26/sport/europa-league-dnipro-ukraine-sevilla/). Just, in my mind, participants in the UEFA Europa League are closer to true grassroots football and not so-overly reliant on the financial side of the game as participants in the UEFA Champion’s League are. I have provided statistics below in addition to graphs in order to present my findings. I know that many might prefer the glamour of the UEFA Champion’s League and that is fine—I just would like to point out that, sometimes, all that glitters is not gold and that the closer we are to true grassroots football in the face of advancing industrial football the closer we are to enjoying a purer form of the game. That is why I will be rooting for Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk in this year’s final—enjoy the football!

 

KEY: Team-City/Country/City Population-Stadium/Capacity-Seats Per Person-Most Expensive Season Ticket/Cheapest Season Ticket

“Western Europe” refers to: The “Power” leagues in Austria, Benelux, the British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and Switzerland.

“Eastern Europe” refers to: Eastern Europe including former Eastern Bloc nations and Greece and Cyprus, Non-EU Countries (Turkey, Israel), and Scandinavia. Essentially teams either geographically located in the eastern half of the continent and non “power” leagues such as those in Scandinavia.

2014-2015 CL Quarters:

Atletico De Madrid-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Vicente Calderón 54,907-1 seat for every 57.7 residents

FC Barcelona-Barcelona/Spain/1,620,943-Camp Nou 99,354-1 seat for every 16.3 residents

FC Bayern Munchen-Munich/Germany/1,407,836-Allianz Arena 75,000-1 seat for every 18.8 residents

Juventus-Turin/Italy/911,823-Juventus Stadium 41,254-1 seat for every 22 residents

AS Monaco FC-Monaco/Monaco (France)/36,371-Stade Louis II 18,523-1 seat for every 2.1 residents

Paris Saint Germain-Paris/France/2,273,305-Stade de France (St. Denis) 81,338-1 seat for every 27.9 residents

FC Porto-Oporto/Portugal/1,474,000-Estadio do Dragao 50,431-1 seat for every 29 residents

Real Madrid CF-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Santiago Bernabeu 81,044-1 seat for every 39.1 residents

 

Average City Size: 1,756,843.5 (Size of Winner’s City: ?, Cities Under 500,000: 1, Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 1, Cities Over 1M: 5)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Average Stadium Size: 62,731.4 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: ?, Stadiums under 25,000: 1, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 1, Stadiums over 50K: 6)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Total Countries Represented: 5

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 8

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 0

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 18

Teams (Out of 32) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 22 (69%)

Teams (Out of 32) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 10 (31%)

 

2014-2015 Europa League Quarters:

Club Brugge KV-Bruges/Belgium/117,170-Jan Breydel Stadium 29,472-1 seat for every 4.0 residents

FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk-Dnipropetrovsk/Ukraine/993,091-Dnipro Arena 31,003-1 seat for every 32.0 residents

FC Dynamo Kiev-Kiev/Ukraine/2,847,200-NSC Olimpiyskiy 70,050-1 seat for every 40.6 residents

ACF Fiorentina-Florence/Italy/379,180-Stadio Artemio Franchi 47,290-1 seat for every 8.0 residents

SSC Napoli-Naples/Italy/990,000-San Paolo Stadium 60,240-1 seat for every 16.4 residents

Sevilla FC-Seville/Spain/703,021-Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán 45,500-1 seat for every 15.5 residents

VFL Wolfsburg-Wolfsburg/Germany/122,457-Volkswagen Arena 30,000-1 seat for every 4.1 residents

**FC Zenit-St. Petersburg/Russia/4,879,566-Petrovsky Stadium 21,405-1 seat for every 228.0 residents

 

Average City Size: 1,378,960.6 (Size of Winner’s City: ?, Cities Under 500,000: 3, Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 3, Cities Over 1M: 2)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: 878,874.1

Average Stadium Size: 41,870 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: ?, Stadiums under 25,000: 1, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 5, Stadiums over 50K: 2)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants (**): 44,793.6

Total Countries Represented: 6

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 5

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 3

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 26

Teams (Out of 48) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 24 (50%)

Teams (Out of 48) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 24 (50%)

 

2013-2014 CL Quarters

Atletico De Madrid-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Vicente Calderón 54,907-1 seat for every 57.7 residents

FC Barcelona-Barcelona/Spain/1,620,943-Camp Nou 99,354-1 seat for every 16.3 residents-

FC Bayern Munchen-Munich/Germany/1,407,836-Allianz Arena 75,000-1 seat for every 18.8 residents-

Borussia Dortmund-Dortmund/Germany/575,944-Signal Iduna Park 81,624-1 seat for every 7.1 residents

Chelsea FC-London/England/9,787,426-Stamford Bridge 41,837-1 seat for every 233.9 residents

Manchester United FC-Manchester/England/502,900-Old Trafford 75,635-1 seat for every 6.6 residents

Paris Saint Germain-Paris/France/2,273,305-Stade de France (St. Denis) 81,338-1 seat for every 27.9 residents

(W) Real Madrid CF-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Santiago Bernabeu 81,044-1 seat for every 39.1 residents

 

Average City Size: 2,812,353 (Size of Winner’s City: 3,165,235, Cities Under 500,000: 0, Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 2, Cities Over 1M: 5)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Average Stadium Size: 73,842.4 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 81,044, Stadiums under 25,000: 0, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 1, Stadiums over 50K: 7)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Total Countries Represented: 4

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 8

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 0

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 18

Teams (Out of 32) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 24 (75%)

Teams (Out of 32) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 8 (25%)

 

2013-2014 Europa League Quarters

AZ Alkmaar-Alkmaar and Zaanstreak/Netherlands/95,076-AFAS Stadion 17,023-1 seat for ever 5.6 residents

**FC Basel-Basel/Switzerland/173,808-St. Jakob-Park 38,512-1 seat for every 4.5 residents

**SL Benfica-Lisbon/Portugal/2,666,000-Estadio da Luz 65,647-1 seat for every 40.1 residents

**Juventus-Turin/Italy/911,823-Juventus Stadium 41,254-1 seat for every 22 residents

Olympique Lyonnais-Lyon/France/491,268-Stadede Gerland 41,044-1 seat for every 12.0 residents

**FC Porto-Oporto/Portugal/1,474,000-Estadio do Dragao 50,431-1 seat for every 29 residents

(W) Sevilla FC-Seville/Spain/703,021-Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán 45,500-1 seat for every 15.5 residents

Valencia CF-Valencia/Spain/809,267-Mestalla 55,000-1 seat for every 14.8 residents

 

Average City Size: 915,532.9 (Size of Winner’s City: 703,021, Cities Under 500,000: 3, Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 3, Cities Over 1M: 2)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: 524,658

Average Stadium Size: 44,301.4 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 45,500, Stadiums under 25,000: 1, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 4, Stadiums over 50K: 3)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants (**): 39,641.8

Total Countries Represented: 6

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 8

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 0

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 27

Teams (Out of 48) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 24 (50%)

Teams (Out of 48) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 24 (50%)

 

2012-2013 CL Quarters

FC Barcelona-Barcelona/Spain/1,620,943-Camp Nou 99,354-1 seat for every 16.3 residents-

(W) FC Bayern Munchen-Munich/Germany/1,407,836-Allianz Arena 75,000-1 seat for every 18.8 residents-

Borussia Dortmund-Dortmund/Germany/575,944-Signal Iduna Park 81,624-1 seat for every 7.1 residents

Galatasaray SK-Istanbul/Turkey/14,377,018-Turk Telekom Arena 52,652-1 seat for every 273.1 residents

Juventus-Turin/Italy/911,823-Juventus Stadium 41,254-1 seat for every 22 residents

Malaga CF-Malaga/Spain/568,507-La Rosaleda 30,044-1 seat for every 18.9 residents

Paris Saint Germain-Paris/France/2,273,305-Stade de France (St. Denis) 81,338-1 seat for every 27.9 residents

Real Madrid CF-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Santiago Bernabeu 81,044-1 seat for every 39.1 residents

 

Average City Size: 3,112,576.4 (Size of Winner’s City: 1,407,836, Cities Under 500,000: 0 , Cities 500,001-1,000,000:3 , Cities Over 1M: 5)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Average Stadium Size: 67,788.8 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 75,000, Stadiums under 25,000: 0, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 2, Stadiums over 50K: 6)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Total Countries Represented: 5

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 7

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non EU, Scandinavia: 1

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 17

Teams (Out of 32) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 22 (69%)

Teams (Out of 32) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 10 (31%)

 

2012-2013 Europa League Quarters

FC Basel-Basel/Switzerland/173,808-St. Jakob-Park 38,512-1 seat for every 4.5 residents

**SL Benfica-Lisbon/Portugal/2,666,000-Estadio da Luz 65,647-1 seat for every 40.1 residents

(W) **Chelsea FC-London/England/9,787,426-Stamford Bridge 41,837-1 seat for every 233.9 residents

Fenerbahce SK-Istanbul/Turkey/14,377,018-Sukru Saracoglu Stadium 50,509-1 seat for every 284.6 residents

S.S. Lazio-Rome/Italy/2,900,000-Stadio Olimpico 72,481-1 seat for every 40.0 residents

Newcastle United FC-Newcastle upon Tyne/England/279,100-St.James’ Park 52,405-1 seat for every 5.3 residents

FC Rubin Kazan-Kazan/Russia/1,176,187-Central Stadium 25,400-1 seat for every 46.3 residents (Home games during the 2012-13 Europa League were played in Moscow).

Tottenham Hotspur FC-London/England/9,787,426-White Hart Lane 36,284-1 seat for every 269.7 residents

 

Average City Size: 5,143,370 (Size of Winner’s City: 9,787,426, Cities Under 500,000: 2 , Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 0, Cities Over 1M: 5)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: 4,782,256.5

Average Stadium Size: 47,884.4 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 41,837, Stadiums under 25,000: 0, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 4, Stadiums over 50K: 4)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants (**): 45,931.8

Total Countries Represented: 6

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 6

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non EU, Scandinavia: 2

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 25

Teams (Out of 48) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 28 (58%)

Teams (Out of 48) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 20 (42%)

 

2011-12 CL Quarters

APOEL FC-Nicosia/Cyprus/239,277 (This figure is for the South’s Metro and City ONLY)-GSP Stadium 22,859-1 seat for every 10.5 residents

FC Barcelona-Barcelona/Spain/1,620,943-Camp Nou 99,354-1 seat for every 16.3 residents-

FC Bayern Munchen-Munich/Germany/1,407,836-Allianz Arena 75,000-1 seat for every 18.8 residents-

SL Benfica-Lisbon/Portugal/2,666,000-Estadio da Luz 65,647-1 seat for every 40.1 residents

(W) Chelsea FC-London/England/9,787,426-Stamford Bridge 41,837-1 seat for every 233.9 residents

Olympique Marseille-Marseille/France/850,636-Stade Velodrome 67,394-1 seat for every 12.6 residents

AC Milan-Milan/Italy/1,353,882-San Siro/Giuseppe Meazza 80,018-1 seat for every 16.9 residents

Real Madrid CF-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Santiago Bernabeu 81,044-1 seat for every 39.1 residents

 

Average City Size: 2,636,404.4 (Size of Winner’s City: 9,787,426, Cities Under 500,000: 1 , Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 1, Cities Over 1M: 6)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Average Stadium Size: 66,644.1 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 41,837, Stadiums under 25,000: 1, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 1, Stadiums over 50K: 6)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Total Countries Represented: 7

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 7

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non EU, Scandinavia: 1

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 18

Teams (Out of 32) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 22 (69%)

Teams (Out of 32) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 10 (31%)

 

2011-12 Europa League Quarters

(W) Athletic Bilbao-Bilbao/Spain/349,356-San Mames (1913) 40,000-1 seat for every 8.7 residents

Atletico De Madrid-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Vicente Calderón 54,907-1 seat for every 57.7 residents

AZ Alkmaar-Alkmaar and Zaanstreak/Netherlands/95,076-AFAS Stadion 17,023-1 seat for ever 5.6 residents

Hannover 96-Hannover/Germany/518,386-AWD Arena (Niedersachsenstadion) 49,000-1 seat for every 10.6 residents

Metalist Kharkiv-Kharkiv/Ukraine/1,430,885-OSC Metalist 40,003-1 seat for every 35.8 residents

FC Schalke 04-Gelsenkirchen/Germany/257,850-Veltins Arena 61,973-1 seat for every 3.8 residents

Sporting CP-Lisbon/Portugal/2,666,000-Estádio José Alvalade 50,095-1 seat for every 10.9 residents

**Valencia CF-Valencia/Spain/809,267-Mestalla 55,000-1 seat for every 14.8 residents

 

Average City Size: 1,161,506.9 (Size of Winner’s City: 349,356, Cities Under 500,000: 3 , Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 2, Cities Over 1M: 3)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: 1,211,836.9

Average Stadium Size: 46,000 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 40,000, Stadiums under 25,000: 1, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 3, Stadiums over 50K: 4)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants (**): 44,714

Total Countries Represented: 5

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 7

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non EU, Scandinavia: 1

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 24

Teams (Out of 48) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 27 (56%)

Teams (Out of 48) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 21 (44%)

 

2010-11 Champions League Quarters

(W) FC Barcelona-Barcelona/Spain/1,620,943-Camp Nou 99,354-1 seat for every 16.3 residents-

Chelsea FC-London/England/9,787,426-Stamford Bridge 41,837-1 seat for every 233.9 residents

Inter Milan-Milan/Italy/1,353,882-San Siro/Giuseppe Meazza 80,018-1 seat for every 16.9 residents

Manchester United FC-Manchester/England/502,900-Old Trafford 75,635-1 seat for every 6.6 residents

Real Madrid CF-Madrid/Spain/3,165,235-Santiago Bernabeu 81,044-1 seat for every 39.1 residents

FC Schalke 04-Gelsenkirchen/Germany/257,850-Veltins Arena 61,973-1 seat for every 3.8 residents

FC Shakhtar Donetsk-Donetsk/Ukraine/975,959-Donbass Arena 52,187-1 seat for every 18.7 residents

Tottenham Hotspur FC-London/England/9,787,426-White Hart Lane 36,284-1 seat for every 269.7 residents

 

Average City Size: 3,399,221.4 (Size of Winner’s City: 1,620943, Cities Under 500,000: 1 , Cities 500,001-1,000,000: 2, Cities Over 1M: 5)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Average Stadium Size: 66,041.5 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 99,354, Stadiums under 25,000: 0, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 2, Stadiums over 50K: 6)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants: N/A

Total Countries Represented: 5

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 7

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non EU, Scandinavia: 1

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 18

Teams (Out of 32) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 22 (69%)

Teams (Out of 32) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 10 (31%)

 

2010-11 Europa League Quarters

**SL Benfica-Lisbon/Portugal/2,666,000-Estadio da Luz 65,647-1 seat for every 40.1 residents

**Sporting Braga-Braga/Portugal/181,494-Estádio Municipal de Braga 30,286-1 seat for every 6 residents

FC Dynamo Kiev-Kiev/Ukraine/2,847,200-NSC Olimpiyskiy 70,050-1 seat for every 40.6 residents

(W) FC Porto-Oporto/Portugal/1,474,000-Estadio do Dragao 50,431-1 seat for every 29 residents

PSV Eindhoven-Eindhoven/Netherlands/221,402-Philips Stadion 36,000-1 seat for every 6.2 residents

**FC Spartak Moscow-Moscow/Russia/11,503,501-Luzhniki Stadium (Used at the time) 78,360-1 seat for every 146.8 residents

**FC Twente-Enschede/Netherlands/158,004-De Grolsch Veste 30,206-1 seat for every 5.2 residents

Villareal CF-Vila-real/Spain/51,367-El Madrigal 24,890-1 seat for every 2.1 residents

 

Average City Size: 2,387,871 (Size of Winner’s City: 1,474,000, Cities Under 500,000: 4 , Cities 500,001-1,000,000:0, Cities Over 1M: 4)

Average City Size Omitting CL Participants: 1,148,492.3

Average Stadium Size: 48,233.8 (Size of Winner’s Stadium: 50,431, Stadiums under 25,000: 1, Stadiums 25,001-50,000: 3, Stadiums over 50K: 4)

Average Stadium Size Omitting CL Participants (**): 45,342.8

Total Countries Represented: 5

Teams (Out of 8) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 6

Teams (Out of 8) From Eastern Europe, Non EU, Scandinavia: 2

Total Countries Represented in Whole Competition’s Group Stages: 25

Teams (Out of 48) From Western Europe (Austria, Benelux, British Isles, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland): 27 (56%)

Teams (Out of 48) From Eastern Europe, Non-EU, Scandinavia: 21 (44%)

 

Champions League Quarter Final Participants Average City Sizes/Stadium Sizes

2014-15: 1,756,843.5/62,731.4 (1 Stadium with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2013-14: 2,812,353/73,842.4 (2 Stadiums with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2012-13: 3,112,576.4/67,788.8 (1 Stadium with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2011-12: 2,636,404.4/66,644.1 (1 Stadium with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2010-11: 3,399,221.4/66,041.5 (2 Stadiums with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

 

Europa League Quarter Final Participants Average City Sizes/Stadium Sizes (Excluding CL entrants)

2014-15: 1,378,960.6 (878,874.1)/41,870 (44,793.6) (3 Stadiums with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2013-14: 915,532.9 (524,658)/ 44,301.4 (39,641.8) (2 Stadiums with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2012-13: 5,143,370 (4,782,256.5)/ 47,884.4 (45,931.8) (2 Stadiums with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2011-12: 1,161,506.9 (1,211,836.9)/ 46,000 (44,714) (3 Stadiums with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

2010-11: 2,387,871 (1,148,492.3)/ 48,233.8 (45,342.8) (4 Stadiums with 1 seat for 10 or less residents)

 

Champions League Quarter Final Participants Geographic Distributions (Total Group Stage, Western Europe/Eastern Europe)

2014-15: 5 Countries, 8/0 (18 Countries, 22/10)

2013-14: 4 Countries, 8/0 (18 Countries, 24/8)

2012-13: 5 Countries, 7/1 (17 Countries, 22/10)

2011-12: 7 Countries, 7/1 (18 Countries, 22/10)

2010-11: 5 Countries, 7/1 (18 Countries, 22/10)

 

Europa League Quarter Final Participants Geographic Distributions (Total Group Stage, Western Europe/Eastern Europe)

2014-15: 6 Countries, 5/3 (26 Countries, 24/24)

2013-14: 6 Countries, 8/0 (27 Countries, 24/24)

2012-13: 6 Countries, 6/2 (25 Countries, 28/20)

2011-12: 5 Countries, 7/1 (24 Countries, 27/21)

2010-11: 5 Countries, 6/2 (25 Countries, 27/21)